Why I ride my bike to work, by the Prime Minister of the Netherlands.

With its sweeping views over the sparkling Hofvijver pond, the Binnenhof – the Gothic castle in the heart of The Hague that houses the States General of the Netherlands – is quite something.

It’s little wonder Dutch Prime Minister Mark Rutte enjoys commuting to his office there. And recently he’s made the journey by bike as often as possible.

“I didn’t cycle a lot for 10 years. But for the past two years, I’ve had my own bike again and, when the weather allows, I travel into the office that way,” he told the World Economic Forum.

 

Cycling craze

The Dutch are famous for their love of cycling. In 2018, the country had more bicycles than people: 23 million to 17 million. More than a quarter of all trips in the country are made by bike and of those, a quarter are for getting work, like Rutte.

Image: Netherlands Institute for Transport Policy Analysis
More than a quarter of trips in the Netherlands 2016 were made by bike.

 

He explains why it’s long been such a phenomenon: “The Dutch love cycling because we are a small country. We have to get from A to B. And of course taking a car, yes, is an option, but you have congestion plus the environmental impact. From the old days, almost from the late 19th century, we’re used to taking a bicycle.”

 

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Ik vind het belangrijk om met iedereen in gesprek te blijven. Juist ook met de mensen die het niet met mij of met het kabinetsbeleid eens zijn. Daarom heb ik vandaag in het Torentje gepraat met vijf vertegenwoordigers van de Gele Hesjes. Ik heb geluisterd naar hun zorgen en zij hebben mij de kans gegeven uit te leggen waar dit kabinet voor staat en waarom we bepaalde keuzes maken. Wat we volgens mij met elkaar gemeen hebben is dat we Nederland nog sterker willen maken, voor iedereen. Het kabinet doet daar zijn best voor. Wij kiezen er bijvoorbeeld voor om inkomstenbelasting te verlagen, te investeren in gezondheidszorg, het onderwijs en in veiligheid op straat. Maar de realiteit is ook dat we iedere euro maar één keer kunnen uitgeven. En we hebben nog veel te doen, maar we zien tegelijkertijd gelukkig dat meer mensen werk hebben en veel huishoudens meer te besteden hebben.

A post shared by Mark Rutte (@minpres) on

 

Enabled by infrastructure

The country’s flat landscape is perfect for trips on two wheels. But it has also carefully designed its transport infrastructure to promote cycling.

There are more than 35,000 km of cycle lanes and the city of Utrecht is home to the world’s biggest underground bike park.

Rutte admits he was impressed with how well-oiled the system is: “I was amazed how many specific biking traffic lights and biking lanes we now have – and so many more than 10 years ago.

“They’re not only in the city but also in local communities between cities, which makes it very safe and easy, particularly for small children when they go to school.”

 

Why the Netherlands is so good at cycling, according to its prime minister

The country has more bicycles than people. 📕 Read more: https://wef.ch/2m1hfG6

Posted by World Economic Forum on Thursday, September 26, 2019

 

Healthy for people and planet

The health benefits of cycling are well-known: it reduces the risk of illnesses such as diabetes and cardiovascular diseases, and can help boost mental wellbeing.

A 2015 study found more than 6,000 deaths in the Netherlands are prevented each year due to cycling, and it adds six months to the average life expectancy.

This saves the country’s economy more than $20 million a year.

The benefits to the environment are also huge: switching from a car to a bicycle saves an average of 150 grammes of carbon dioxide per kilometre, according to the Netherlands Institute for Transport Policy Analysis.

As Rutte says: “The whole system is nudging people to make use of this very healthy alternative.”